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Hiraizumi (平泉)

http://www.mkanyo.jp/onsendayori/%E5%B9%B3%E6%B3%89%EF%BE%9E20070605%20106s.JPG
(Bishamon-do)

Hiraizumi (平泉町 Hiraizumi-cho) is a town located in Nishiiwai District, Iwate, Japan. It was the home of the Hiraizumi Fujiwaras for about 100 years in the late Heian era and most of the following Kamakura period. At the same time it served as the de facto capital of Oshu, an area containing nearly a third of the Japanese land area. At its height the population of Hiraizumi reached 50,000 or more than 100,000, rivaling Kyoto in size and splendor.
http://www.pref.iwate.jp/~hp0909/koto/igi/hiraizumi.jpg

During the Heian Period, the Fujiwara were the most powerful clan in Japan. In 1105, Hiraizumi was chosen as the seat of the "Northern branch" of the Fujiwara family. The city steadily grew in cultural sophistication and political power, so that it even came to rival Kyoto, the national capital.
http://static.panoramio.com/photos/original/46785881.jpg
(Hiraizumi, Chuson-ji)

In 1189, however, Hiraizumi was razed by Minamoto Yoritomo, the man who would soon after become Japan's first shogun. Yoritomo was looking for his brother and rival Yoshitsune, who was being given refuge by the local Fujiwara leader. The city never recovered its former prominence, but it still features some of the Tohoku Region's most precious historic and cultural properties.
http://www.jnto.go.jp/eng/map/img/detail_map/yoko/031.jpg

By TS on Jul 16, 2011
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tag : World Heritage, Cool Japan

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