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Nijo Castle(二条城)

"Nijo Castle" (二条城) is also one of the UNESCO World Heritage located in Kyoto.
I have been living near "Nijo Castle", aroud 5 minutes walk (700-800 meters) to the east from the Castle.

The atmosphere of street scene around Nijo-Shinmachi will be felt by above photo. I, myself, look back on above photo, one of the Japanese-style confectioneries, with nostalgia.

The Kara-mon main gate to Ninomaru Palace
Image:03-05-JPN085.jpg

Nijo Castle (二条城, Nijo-jo) is a flatland castle. The castle consists of two concentric rings of fortifications, the Ninomaru Palace, the ruins of the Honmaru Palace, various support buildings and several gardens. The surface area of the castle is 275,000 square meters, of which 8000 square meters is occupied by buildings.
Image:Nijojo-roka-tenjo2.jpg

Tokugawa Ieyasu had the castle constructed Nijō Castle in 1601.
Tokugawa Ieyasu, the founder of Tokugawa Shogunate ordered all the feudal lords in Western Japan to contribute to the construction of the Nijo Castle. The construction was completed during the reign of Tokugawa Iemitsu in 1626.
Parts of Fushimi Castle such as the main tower and the Kara Gate (Kara-mon, today main visitors entrance) were moved here in 1625-26.
It was built as the Kyoto residence of the Tokugawa Shoguns. The Tokugawa Shogunate used Edo as the capital city, but Kyoto continued to be the home of the Imperial Court. Kyoto Imperial Palace is located north-east of Nijo Castle.
Image:NijoCastleOutside.jpg

The central keep or donjon was struck by lightning and burned to the ground in 1791.
In 1788 the Inner Palace was destroyed by a city-wide fire. The site remained empty until it was replaced by a prince's residence transferred from the Kyoto Imperial Palace in 1893.
In 1867 the Ninomaru Palace was the stage for the declaration by Tokugawa Yoshinobu, returning the authority to the Imperial Court.
Next year the Imperial Cabinet was installed in the castle. The palace became imperial property and was declared a detached palace.
During this time, the Tokugawa hollyhock crest was removed wherever possible and replaced with the imperial chrysanthemum.

By TS on Mar 6, 2011
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tag : Kyoto

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上記広告は1ヶ月以上更新のないブログに表示されています。新しい記事を書くことで広告を消せます。