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Victory over Japan Day / Aug 15, 1945

65th memorial day of V-J day is coming again.
Victory over Japan Day (V-J Day, also known as Victory in the Pacific Day, or V-P Day) is a name chosen for the day on which the Surrender of Japan occurred, effectively ending World War II, and subsequent anniversaries of that event.
File:Surrender of Japan - USS Missouri.jpg
(Surrender of Japan, Tokyo Bay, 2 September 1945: Japanese representatives
on board USS Missouri (BB-63) during the surrender ceremonies.)

The term has been applied to both the day on which the initial announcement of Japan's surrender was made in the afternoon of August 15, 1945 in Japan and to August 14, 1945 where it is observed as V-J Day in the United States when it was announced because of time zone differences in the Western Europe, the Americas, the Pacific Islands, and Australia and to September 2, 1945 when the formal signing of the surrender was made. The name V-J Day had been selected by the Allies after they named V-E Day for the victory in Europe.
File:American military personnel gather in Paris to celebrate the Japanese surrender.jpg
(American servicemen and women gather in front of "Rainbow Corner" Red Cross club
in Paris to celebrate the unconditional surrender of the Japanese.)

A formal surrender ceremony was performed in Tokyo Bay, Japan aboard the battleship USS Missouri on September 2 1945. In Japan, the day usually is known as the "memorial day for the end of the war" (終戦記念日, Shūsen-kinenbi); the official name for the day is however "the day for mourning of war dead and praying for peace" (戦歿者を追悼し平和を祈念する日, Senbotsusha wo tsuitōshi heiwa wo kinennsuru hi).
This official name was adopted in 1982 by an ordinance issued by the Japanese government.
File:War Ends.jpg
(In a photo by Ed Westcott, residents of Oak Ridge, TN, fill Jackson Square to celebrate
the surrender of Japan. Oak Ridge was one of the three main sites of the Manhattan
Project, and was responsible (though those working there did not know it) for refining
uranium to be shipped to Los Alamos to be fashioned into atomic bombs.)

The day is commemorated as Liberation Day in Korea and some other nations.

By T.S. on Aug 15, 2010
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上記広告は1ヶ月以上更新のないブログに表示されています。新しい記事を書くことで広告を消せます。