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Bushidō (武士道) VOL.4

COOL JAPANESE SCENE / Japanese Scene (63) / Japanese Scene (65)

This time refer to "Seven virtues of Bushidō".
The thinking way in "Bushidō" is not typical but in a sense general morals when we are living our life, I suppose.
The Bushidō code is typified by seven virtues:
1) Rectitude (義 ,gi)
The meaning of "rectitude" is in other words, "justice", "righteousness", "faith", "loyalty", "morality", "honor".
So that "Rectitude" is not peculiar way of thinking way. That is to say, people in the world have the same thinking way.

2) Courage (勇 ,yuu)
"Courage" is not also peculiar way of thinking way. That is to say, people in the world have the same thinking way.

3) Benevolence (仁 ,jin)
To say in otheer word, "benevolance" is "humanity".

Below other words is also the same above. May people have the same thinking way, I suppose.
4) Respect (礼 ,rei)
5) Honesty (誠 ,makoto or 信 shin)
6) Honor (誉 ,yo)
7) Loyalty (忠 ,chuu)

-Translations from: Random House's Japanese-English, English-Japanese Dictionary
Others that are sometimes added to these:
8) Filial piety (孝 ,kō)
9) Wisdom (智 ,chi)
10) Care for the aged (悌 ,tei)

Anyway, under the Tokugawa Shogunate, aspects of Bushidō became formalized into Japanese Feudal Law.

Translation of documents related to Bushidō began in the 1970s with Dr. Carl Steenstrup, who performed a lifetime of research into the ethical codes of famous Samurai clans including Hojo Soun and Imagawa Ryoshun. Steenstrup's 1977 dissertation at Harvard University was entitled "Hôjô Shigetoki (1198–1261) and his Role in the History of Political and Ethical Ideas in Japan".

According to the editors of Monumenta Nipponica, "Tens of thousands of documents survive from the medieval period... Only a few have been translated into English, or are likely ever to appear in translation." One of the oldest English-language academic journals in the field of Asian studies, much of Dr. Steenstrup's significant findings were written for MN.

By T.S. in Apr., 2009
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